Primary Sources:

Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967).

U.S. Supreme Court. Transcript of Oral Arguments in Loving v. Virginia (April 10, 1967).

Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. Loving v. Commonwealth (March 7, 1966).

White, Jean M. “Court Overturns Virginia’s Ban on Mixed Marriages.” The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973), June 13, 1967.

Secondary Sources:

Cashin, Sheryll. Loving: Interracial Intimacy in America and the Threat to White Supremacy. Boston: Beacon Press, 2017.

Wallenstein, Peter. Race, Sex, and the Freedom to Marry: Loving V. Virginia. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2014.


Richard and Mildred Loving pursued legal action to challenge the miscegenation laws in Virginia. Their attitude and personalities made their court cases happen, including the iconic Federal Court Case, Loving v. Virginia.